In the 1840s, the first wave of city people came to Roslyn, attracted by the towns picturesque scenery. Later in the 19th century, the Long Island Rail Road made the area appealing to the very wealthy, who turned the rolling north shore of Long Island into the Gold Coast. The great estates employed local residents, and their owners gave the village handsome buildings that survive today. Neighboring villages Roslyn Heights, Roslyn Estates, and East Hills all include land from former farms and estates. By 1960, Long Islands postwar building boom seemed set to obliterate Roslyns character. In response, residents were galvanized to preserve and beautify the old village, and todays Roslyn is one of the most attractive and historic places on Long Island.